Brand new Trend
“Inside the Nicaragua, home of volcanoes and you may rivers, you will find currently won our very own national liberation into the Sandinista trend. In other words, the new wave which will finish the procedure for national liberation.” (Tomas Borge within the a presentation given for the occasion of your fifth wedding off AMNLAE.)
Since the very first platform statement for the 1967, the FSLN got into account the main topic of female’s emancipation, speaking about the newest twice exploitation that this lady has come subjected during records. ), and to complete the photo, legal discrimination.”
In the event a minority, female was basically from the beginning, an integral part of the fresh FSLN structures. They’ve been combatants, along with numerous commanders such as for instance Dora Maria Tellez, Leticia Herrera, Monica Baltodano and you will Doris Tijerino. Currently, 22% of your FSLN militants is actually girls. Females portray 37% of FSLN regional and departmental governmental administration ranks.
For the center height exec ranking and in additional teams females portray twenty-four.6%. Although not, there’s not you to definitely lady among the 9 commanders that compose the brand new FSLN Federal Directorate.
Even though these rates is actually reduced, he could be more than people Eu, Us if not Latin american political team. Nevertheless they serve as an indication regarding you can easily future expands away from women’s participation, because of the short-time the FSLN has been around.
Initial transform the latest wave has taken on for women come in the realm of regulations. They was required to begin around, since legislation are an important part of any social changes and can be utilized as the units against exploitation.
Just one big date after the July 19, 1979, wave, prostitution together with exploitation of females for the advertisements was in fact banned. For the August 21, 1979, new Statute away from Liberties and you will Pledges regarding Nicaraguans is wrote. It declared the unconditional equivalence of all people and you will protected equal pay for equivalent functions. To help you assure that that it concept is done in routine from inside the a sector typically so pesinos, it’s specified you to “men and women, man or woman, who is no less than 14 years old, should be integrated into the payroll since an employee.” In past times, the newest “head away from house” was the one who obtained this new paycheck of your members of the family classification. Minors and you can women weren’t thought of as laborers.
They see: “Unequal wages, a dual work (in and out of the house), separation regarding political and societal contribution (fundamentally for the rural section), fool around with while the an intimate object (prostitution, exploitation of females regarding the media, etcetera
It will be the duty regarding AMNLAE, the organization which signifies feamales in new Council out-of County, to carry on trying to legislative growth for ladies. AMNLAE shown several essential laws and regulations before this system, and you can one another were approved and you can passed. Regulations out-of “Connections between Mom, Dad and children” claims your guy while the woman enjoys equal debt and you may liberties in terms of the prominent college students. They alternatives the existing thought of “Paternal Dominion”, hence secured the fresh dad’s pure control of the household and you will sensed only legitimate pupils due to the fact that have rights.
The next rules delineates exactly what these types of equivalent personal debt is. The kid Service Law, authorized by the Council away from Condition immediately following a lot of time discussions and some issues (particularly on behalf of this new boys), obliges both dad and mom to ensure kids dining, clothing, health care, houses and you will degree and demands familial solidarity with all dependent relatives players (youngsters, elderly people while the disabled). An intriguing and much discussed aspect of the legislation addresses domestic work. The law set one “every family unit members that are financially ready need contribute, within their form, towards support of friends. It is in the form of money, items otherwise home opportunities. And with regards to the very last class, every friends, irrespective of intercourse, who happen to be capable of doing therefore, have to join house employment” (Post cuatro).